University of the Western Cape
Dentistry (BChD 2),
Detailed notes at second year dentistry level
Cellular Res HUB205.pdf
Dentistry (BChD 2)
17 Glycolysis Factors â€¢ Glucose Molecules â€¢ Cytoplasmic enzymes â€¢ ATP and ADP â€¢ Inorganic phosphates â€¢ NAD (Coenzyme) Glycolysis â€¢ Breakdown to 6-Carbo Glucoseâ†’ 2 3-Carbon Pyruvic Acid molecules â€¢ Take
Pentose Phosphate Pathway.pdf
18 Pentose Phosphate Pathway Phase 1: Oxidative Phase â€¢ Glucose 6-phosphate undergoes dehydrogenation and decarboxylation to give a pentose, ribulose 5-phosphate, which is converted to its isomer, D-ribose 5-phosphate. â€¢ Glucose 6-phosp
19 & 20 Carbohydrate Metabolism â€¢ Regulation of Glycolysis â€¢ Gluconeogenesis â€¢ Glycogen Metabolism Organic Compounds â€¢ Glycogen â€“ Most abundant storage carbohydrate â€“ Branched out chain of glucose molecules â€
21 Functions of Lipids â€¢ Excellent energy reserves â€¢ Structure of cell membranes â€¢ Organ padding â€¢ Body thermal insulation â€¢ Essential fatty acids â€¢ Hormone synthesis â€¢ Fat soluble vitamin absorption Dietary
22 Dietary Triacylglycerols â€¢ Hydrolysis occurs when chylomicrons encounter lipoprotein lipase anchored in capillary walls â€¢ When Energy is in good supply: Converted back to Triacylglycerols for storage in adipose tissue â€¢ When en
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